After all, Saeed argued , Pakistan is an atomic power and is thus at the center of defending the Muslim world and standing up the various world powers. Figure 3 presents a typical JuD rally and concomitant tweet to this effect.
Figure 3. The People are Ready to Fight.
Persented the National Flag
The reality is quite different. Pakistani opinion leaders have noted that Saudi Arabia is behind much of the terrorism that has ravaged Pakistan and has done little to attenuate Saudi-origin support for extremist madrassas that churn out students steeped in sectarian hate-mongering. Opponents have also rightly asked what Saudi Arabia has done to support Pakistan in its various internal and external military challenges. And it should be remembered that JuD is not the only organization engaging in such efforts. Ultimately, the Pakistani state will decide after weighing numerous considerations, not the least of which is Saudi largesse.
However, if the past provides any clues, the efforts of JuD will likely be significant. After all, JuD has an enormous domestic infrastructure, deep credibility among Pakistanis, and considerable street presence. Unlike its Deobandi counterparts who support this measure as part of their larger sectarian worldview, JuD espouses national unity.
- India-Pakistan tensions: All the latest updates | Kashmir News News | Al Jazeera.
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Walsh School of Foreign Service. Couped Cross. Color Symbolism. Flags of Arabic Language Countries. Flags of English Language Countries. Flags of French Language Countries. Flags of German Language Countries. Flags of Portuguese Language Countries. Flags of Spanish Language Countries. Printouts Math Music Word Wheels. Search the Enchanted Learning website for:. During the chaotic transition, train cars full of bodies arrived at railway stations in the twin cities of Lahore and Amritsar in the province of Punjab, which was split roughly down the middle.
At least a million died along the journey, the rest pouring into fetid camps erected in cities already pushed to the brink by violence, looting and food shortages.
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I n New Delhi, where law and order had almost completely broken down, tens of thousands of Muslims sheltered behind the 16th-century walls of Humayan's Tomb waiting for safe passage to Pakistan. T ents were erected in the fine gardens surrounding the spectacular mausoleum - the inspiration for the Taj Mahal - and spilled over to encircle the smaller tombs dotting the Mughal-era complex.
As space became scarce whole families huddled together with their life's possessions on the exposed upper levels of the grand courtyard of the enormous domed monument itself. The regal fountains at Humayan's Tomb "became so fouled with human dirt that they had to be filled in with sand", wrote historian Yasmin Khan in her book 'The Great Partition'. A s India prepared to mark 70 years of independence, families who witnessed the death and destruction during partition recalled the tales of horror.
Brothers Santa and Niranjan Singh were lucky to survive the crossing from their village of Bhasin on the Pakistani side of the new border to their current home in Sarangra in India. Santa, then aged 15 or 16, says everyone was baying for blood. People were running around with knives, swords and guns. Up to a dozen people from their village were killed in the madness, Santa told Reuters, saying they carried an injured brother across the border after he was shot through the head.
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H is younger brother, Niranjan, was barely 5 years old but still remembers the sight of houses being burnt and people being massacred, and hearing stories of women and girls being raped. Now the brothers live with their children and grandchildren, tending their lush green farmland located just two miles from the troubled border. S hamsul Nisa was 10 when she watched her Muslim father, grandfather and six uncles killed by Hindu mobs in Udhampur, a southern town in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
We were suddenly turned into beggars," Nisa, 80, told The Associated Press.
She had escaped along with her mother and four brothers, and the family settled in Muslim-majority Srinagar, the main city on the Indian-controlled side of the still-divided territory. India and Pakistan have fought two of their three wars over control of Kashmir. Today, they each administer part of it, separated by a heavily militarised line of control. A third, smaller portion is controlled by China.
India-Pakistan tensions: All the latest updates
In the chaos of those first days, when ancient principalities were pledging to join one of the two nations, Kashmir's final status was by no means certain. The Muslim majority rose up repeatedly against the Hindu Maharaja and his plans to remain independent. Pakistani tribesmen raided in an effort to wrest control; India marched troops into the region with a promise to keep the peace and to hold a referendum. Tens of thousands of Muslims were slaughtered by Hindu mobs in the southern Jammu region, while hundreds of thousands more were driven from their homes to Pakistan or Pakistani-controlled Kashmir.
U ntil Partition, "Kashmir was not divided," Nisa said.
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Nisa eventually became a teacher, got married and had three daughters and a son. Since the recent death of her husband, she remains with her son. She still believes Partition was the right move for South Asia - if only Kashmir could decide its own affiliation. I ndia and Pakistan have fought three wars since , and relations remain tense, particularly when it comes to Kashmir, which both claim in full but rule in parts.